Intractable Rare Dis Res. 2022;11(1):34-36. (DOI: 10.5582/irdr.2021.01132)
Fabry disease – a genetically conditioned extremely rare disease with a very unusual course
Śnit M, Przyłudzka M, Grzeszczak W
Fabry disease (FD) is a rare lysosomal storage disease. FD is caused by the presence of a deleterious mutation in the GLA gene encoding the enzyme alpha galactosidase A (αGAL A) on the X chromosome. The accumulation of Gb3 and lyso-GL-3 in nerve fiber cells, endothelium, vascular muscle cells, mesangial cells, podocytes, renal tubular epithelial cells and cardiomyocytes is the most important pathogenetic factor. The rate of disease progression depends on residual conserved enzymatic activity. In this article we present an example of a 25-year-old patient with FD with an initial asymptomatic course. The first manifestation of FD developed in the third decade of life. These include high blood pressure, urinary changes and grade V renal failure, requiring renal replacement therapy. The diagnosis was made very late, when renal failure and cerebro-cardiac complications occurred, including stroke and dangerous cardiac tamponade.