Intractable Rare Dis Res. 2021;10(1):55-57. (DOI: 10.5582/irdr.2020.03084)
A novel homozygous variant in exon 10 of the GALNT3 gene causing hyperphosphatemic familial tumoral calcinosis in a family from North India
Dayal D, Gupta S, Kumar R, Srinivasan R, Lorenz-Depiereux B, Strom TM
Hyperphosphatemic familial tumoral calcinosis (HFTC) is an extremely rare autosomal recessive disorder caused by variants in the GALNT3 (N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase 3), FGF23 (Fibroblast Growth Factor-23) and αKL (α-Klotho) genes, which results in progressive calcification of soft tissues. We describe the case of a 9-year-old girl who presented with recurrent hard nodular swellings on her feet and knees which intermittently discharged chalky white material. Her younger brother also had a similar condition. Both siblings showed hyperphosphatemia, but the parents’ biochemical parameters were normal. The histological features of the material aspirated from a skin lesion were consistent with tumoral calcinosis. Sanger sequencing identified a novel homozygous non-synonymous sequence variant in exon 10 of the GALNT3 gene (NM_004482.3:c.[1681T>A];[1681T>A], NP_004473.2:p. [Cys561Ser];[Cys561Ser] in the proband and her affected brother. The parents were heterozygous carriers for the same sequence variant. In conclusion, we report a new variant in the GALNT3 gene that caused HFTC in a North Indian family.