Intractable Rare Dis Res. 2021;10(1):23-30. (DOI: 10.5582/irdr.2020.03090)
Molecular diagnosis of SLC26A4-related hereditary hearing loss in a group of patients from two provinces of Iran
Koohiyan M, Hashemzadeh-Chaleshtori M, Tabatabaiefar MA
The SLC26A4 gene has been described as the second gene involved in most cases of autosomal recessive non-syndromic hearing loss (ARNSHL), after GJB2. Over 500 different SLC26A4 mutations have been reported, with each ethnic population having its own distinctive mutations. Here, we aimed to determine the frequency and mutation profile of the SLC26A4 gene from two different provinces (center and west) of Iran. This study included 50 nuclear families with two or more siblings segregating presumed ARNSHL. All affected tested negative for mutations in GJB2 at the DFNB1 locus and were therefore screened for autozygosity by descent using short tandem repeat polymorphisms (STRPs) of DFNB4. Sanger sequencing was performed to screen the 20 exons of the SLC26A4 gene for the families linked to this locus. In silico analyses were also performed using available software tools. Four out of 25 (16%) and 3 of 25 (12%) studied families of Isfahan and Hamedan provinces, respectively. were linked to DFNB4. Sanger sequencing led to the identification of six different mutations, one of which (c.919-2A>G) was recurrent and accounted for 31% of all mutant alleles. One out of 7 (14.3%) families with mutations were confirmed to be Pendred syndrome (PS). The SLC26A4 mutations have a high carrying rate in ARNSHL Iranian patients. The identification of a disease causing mutation can be used to establish a genotypic diagnosis and provide important information to the patients and their families.