Intractable Rare Dis Res. 2020;9(3):171-174. (DOI: 10.5582/irdr.2020.03015)
Tuberculous choroiditis masquerading as sympathetic ophthalmia: a case report
Huang XX, Qin XL, Luo ZY, Li LX, Hu JB
A 26-year-old Chinese man was admitted to this clinic due to decreased vision in his right eye for 4 days and painful protrusion in his left eye for 20 days. He had no perception of light in his left eye and perception of hand motion (HM) in his right eye. Examinations revealed that the left eye's lens and iris had protruded, and corneoscleral perforation. The right eye had an anterior chamber reaction and severe exudative retinal detachment that were confirmed by fluorescein angiography. Systemic examinations failed to identify a cause. The presumptive diagnosis was sympathetic ophthalmia of the right eye. Therefore, systemic steroid treatment was administered and enucleation of the left eye was performed. Although steroid treatment had been initiated, exudative detachment did not vary markedly. A pathological examination of the left eye revealed ocular tuberculosis, and anti-tuberculosis treatment resulted in a gradual reduction in subretinal fluid as well as improved vision.