Intractable Rare Dis Res. 2020;9(2):99-103. (DOI: 10.5582/irdr.2020.03017)
Increased CD27 expression in the skins and sera of patients with systemic sclerosis
Oshikawa Y, Makino T, Nakayama M, Sawamura S, Makino K, Kajihara I, Aoi J, Masuguchi S, Fukushima S, Ihn H
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a kind of collagen disease and has an acquired autoimmune activation as represented by the production of autoantibodies. CD27 is a type I glycoprotein and a member of the tumor necrosis factor receptor family. It binds to the CD70 ligand, CD27-CD70 signaling is implicated in the development of various autoimmune diseases, but its role in the regulation of extracellular matrix expression and its contribution to the phenotype of SSc both remain to be elucidated. This study aimed to investigate the associations between CD27 and SSc in the skins and sera. Immunohistochemistry were performed to determine the expression of CD27 in the skin. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays were done to the sera of the 54 patients with SSc and 23 normal healthy controls. CD27 expression was significantly increased in the affected regions of the skin and the sera of patients of SSc. Thereafter, we evaluated the correlation between the serum soluble CD27 (sCD27) levels and the clinical symptoms. The study subjects with increased sCD27 levels had a significantly higher ratio of dcSSc and to showed higher modified Rodnan's total skin thickness scores (mRSS) than those with normal sCD27 levels. These results suggest that sCD27 levels might be useful for diagnosis of SSc and its severity.