Intractable Rare Dis Res. 2018;7(2):94-99. (DOI: 10.5582/irdr.218.01038)
Establishment of a human trisomy 18 induced pluripotent stem cell line from amniotic fluid cells.
Xing KX, Cui YZ, Luan J, Zhou XY, Shi L, Han JX
Trisomy 18 (18T) is the second most common autosomal trisomy syndrome in humans, but the detailed mechanism of its pathology remains unclear due to the lack of appropriate models of this disease. To resolve this problem, the current study reprogrammed human 18T amniotic fluid cells (AFCs) into an induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) line by introducing integration-free episomal vectors carrying pCXLE-hOCT3/4-shp53-F, pCXLEhSK, pCXLE-hUL, and pCXWB-EBNA1. The pluripotency of 18T-iPSCs was subsequently validated by alkaline phosphatase staining, detection of iPSC biomarkers using real-time PCR and flow cytometry, detection of embryoid body (EB) formation, and detection of in vivo teratoma formation. Moreover, this study also investigated the transcriptomic profiles of 18T-iPSCs using RNA sequencing, and several gene clusters associated with the clinical manifestations of 18T were identified. In summary, the generated induced pluripotent stem cells line has typical pluripotency characteristics and can provide a useful tool with which to understand the development of 18T.